Climate & Disaster

Project name: Water Induced Disasters Risk Management Planning in Nepal


Project Background: Climate change and water-induced disasters (WID) is increasingly becoming a chronic phenomeno that adversely impact the lives and the livelihood of many riverine communities in Nepal, a problem that is rooted in the natural, developmental, and social attributes. In all instances of such disasters, the section of the society that is oftentimes the most affected are the women, children, people with disability and the elderly. The vulnerability of this at-risk population is further exacerbated by the phenomenon of labor migration whereby the able-bodied men are leaving in droves and those left behind are compelled to adjust to the new complex social realities. This project attempts to address these concerns by;

i)               undertaking applied research on the drivers of WIDs to better understand the varied vulnerabilities;

ii)             examining linkages between WID, climate change, and variables that affect vulnerabilities such as

     gender and migration,

iii)            using the knowledge generated to inform WID- and climate change adaptation-related policies and


iv)            developing, prioritizing, and testing pilot interventions through a multi-stage participatory planning

      approach with local communities;

v)             collaborating with sub-national bodies to develop strategies to help scale up gender-transformative

adaptation plans to increase local communities’ resilience to climate change and water-induced hazards; and

vi) building capacity of local stakeholders, from communities, government agencies, and local academic institutions to mainstream gender in WID and climate change plans and policies.

The project aims to work at three scales, namely, watershed (spatio-temporal variation in hydro-climatic extremes), municipality (disaster risk profiling of the municipalities associated with the watershed), and community (assessing level of vulnerability of those left behind, and respond through suitably designed interventions). Through these initiatives the project expects to contribute towards enhancing the resilience of the local communities, especially that of women, children, people with disability and the elderly, against climate change and WID and in decreasing the number of casualties and loss of life and property.


Project Objectives:

 The overall goal of this action research were to enhance the resilience of local communities with special focus on those left behind, such as women, girls, Dalits, and elderly from disadvantaged and marginalized communities in order to improve their ability to cope with climate-related disasters

This project intended to achieve overall objective through the following specific objectives:

  • Increase understanding of key drivers of WID and its linkages with climate change in order to assess varied vulnerabilities of target populations and identify suitable pilot locations for the action research;
  • Improve preparedness and responses to WID through collaboration with national and sub-national bodies to develop WID plans and policies, and pilot WID and climate change adaptation initiatives;
  • Enhance the capacity of government officials (provincial and local) to enable them to scale up and mainstream disaster risk management and climate change adaptation plans into development strategies, planning and implementation; and
  • Increase awareness and capacity of local stakeholders, including academic institutions, to implement tools and strategies to increase communities’ climate and disaster resilience, and conduct research on WID- and climate change adaptation-related issues.


Inception Workshop

An inception workshop was organized to launch the project formally and roll out research process and activities further on 5th April, 2019 at Dining Park Restaurant, Mid Baneshwor. Seventeen people participated in the workshop, including all project members and partners, namely, IWMI, NWCF, PEI and IDRC, Canada.


Scoping Field Visit

The scoping field visit was the first field visit under project titled “Water-induced Disasters Risk Management Planning in Nepal” (final proposal’s project name: From Vulnerability to Resilience of Those Left Behind: Empowering Women, Children, and the Elderly in the Mid-Hills and the Terai Regions of Nepal to Cope with Water-induced Disasters) funded by IDRC, Canada under the initiatives ̳ ̳Accelerating Climate Actions: Social Equity and Empowerment of Women and Girls‘‘. The scoping visit took place from 20-23 April, 2019 in Chitwan and Makawanpur district of Province 3, Nepal.

Collaboration with local & provincial governments on WID & DRRM

NWCF in jointly with the Hetauda Water Supply Management Board and Bagmati Provincial Planning Commission organized a Water Balance Study: Stakeholder Consultation Program on 19 April 2021 in Hetauda. The program was participated by high level stakeholders including Vice Chairman and commissioners of the provincial policy and planning commission of Bagmati Province, Provicial Minister for Land Management, Agriculture and Cooperative, Chief Secretary, sectoral ministries and agencies, local governments, media, civil society, the Board officials and staff and the private sector.


Capacity Development Program

On 22 April 2021, a disaster risk reduction and management training cum planning workshop was organized in Raksirang Rural Municipality for local government officials, DRRM committee and women champion with the capacity development objective. The workshop came up with local DRRM plan for piloting along with solutions to different types of disaster and resilience building. Altogether, 24 officials including the RM chairperson, vice chairperson, chief administrative officer, ward chairpersons, DRRM focal point, RM level DRRM committee members and women champion took part. 

Collaboration with community-based FM stations

Capacity building trainings were conducted to  the journalists who are working with those FM stations. Kalika FM produces forth nightly program. Daman FM produces weekly and Rakshirang Community FM will also air weekly.Bipad Sarokar (Disaster concern)” started since 28 March 2021 via Kalika FM 95.2 Mega Hertz, Chitwan. This program focuses on issues such as climate change, gender and disaster management.

Collaboration with local educational institutions

Partnership agreements were signed with Kalika Secondary School of Raksirang -9 and Suryodaya Secondary School of Raksirang-3 on 8 March 2021, and with Janakalyan Secondary School of Thaha Municipality-3 on 23 April 2021 to promote and encourage young citizens to engage in weather observation science. The project team handed over rain gauges and thermometers to the schools. Three Pani Satsangs on water-induced disasters,and orientations on rain gauge operation were also organized. 

Enabling Emergency Operation Centre

The field level Rescue and Relief simulation trainng was provided to Thaha Municipality on 12 August 2021 and Raksirang Rural Municipality on 27 July 2021 with the participation of 72 and 52 respectively. 

Multi-stage Participatory Planning

On 9 March 2021, a planning workshop was organized with Raksirang Rural Municipality for conducting piloting activities in participation of the officials of Rural Municipality including chairperson, deputy chairperson, ward chairpersons, media persons, health workers, community members mainly women and people from marginalized community. The participants were divided into four groups to identify the major disasters and they came up with DRRM plans in their locality. According to the group work findings, major hazards are floods and landslide, lightning, soil erosion, windstorm and hailstorm, earthquake, forest fires and corona virus. More than 60 persons took part in the workshop.

Educating Women on WID

On the occasion of 111th World Women’s Day on 9 March 2022, Dr. Ngamindra Dahal, NWCF’s chairperson cum expert of CC and WID spoke mainly on landslide, flood and lightning in the program. The program was organized in Chainpur, Raksirang Rural Municipality office where more than 400 women participated.


Training on Thunderbolt

On 9 March 2021, a training on water-induced disaster was organized in Raksirang Rural Municipality. Altogether, 100 people participated in the program including the government officials, ward chairperson, health workers, media person, local community representative including women, marginalized community, including Raksirang Rural Municipality Chairperson Mr. Raj Kumar Malla and  Vice-chairperson Ms. Nirmala Himdung. 

Media in CC & DRRM training

On 20th April 2021, NWCF organized a training program for media persons working in televisions, FM radio stations, newspapers and online media Chitwan and Makwanpur districts on “Media in Disaster Management” with the objective of capacity building and to mobilize the local media on disaster management. Altogether 28 persons attended the program.

Training for women on Gender leadership and DRRM

On 21 April 2021, A Gender Leadership and WID training was organized Manahari Bazaar, Makwanpur for capacitating local women leaders such as representatives of community-based organizations, ward level female representatives, local activists etc. It aimed at enhancing individual as well as collective capacity of women especially of marginalized community to reduce the risk and impacts of disaster. The manual was adapted for the training program. Altogether 38 females from different areas of Raksirang and Manahari RMs of Makawanpur and Rapti Municipality of Chitwan district (mostly from marginalized Chepang community) took part in the training.

Education and women-led planning workshops

International conferences


Pani Satsang -Policy Dialogue

Three Pani Satsangs on water-induced disasters, with Kalika Secondary School of Raksirang -9 and Suryodaya Secondary School of Raksirang-3 on 8 March 2021, and with Janakalyan Secondary School of Thaha Municipality-3 on 23 April 2021 to promote and encourage young citizens to engage in weather observation science. More than 150 people took part in the programs and the participants included teachers, students, parents, school management boards and local government officials. The orientation sessions on rain gauge operation were also organized at the program.